In the initial time of textile products manufacturing, men used to produce clothing which were required to be civilized. They used to put emphasis on decorative and aesthetic properties of clothing during manufacturing. But, day by day their demand changed dramatically. They began to put emphasis on technical and functional properties along with decorative and aesthetic properties. So, Textile can be can be classified into two sectors according to its applications. They are traditional and Technical Textile. The industries which produce traditional dresses, curtains, blankets, lingerie etc. products to fulfill general and aesthetic demands are called traditional Tex. industries and this sector is known as traditional Tex. sector. On the other hand, the industries which produce products that can meet up specific demand like protection from cold, bad weather, extreme situation etc. are called technical Tex. industries. This sector is known as Technical Tex. sector.
Two Universally accepted definitions are as follows –
Encyclopedia Universal is cited by Nemoz –
“Technical textiles are materials meeting high technical and quality requirements (mechanical, thermal, electrical, durability…) giving them the ability to offer technical functions”.
Memon and Zaman defines as follows –
“Technical textile is defined as textile materials and products manufactured primary for their technical performance and functional properties, rather than for their aesthetic and decorative characteristics”.
There has been a decent increase in the global demand for TT in various fields namely –
The above applications have provided way for making various products – from Vehicle upholstery to Parachutes, shelter Fabric to home furnishing, environmental Infrastructure and also to Hospitals.
Raw materials used for making TT are as follows –
Different types of basic processes are employed for manufacturing technical textiles like weaving and knitting. Some advanced processes like stitch bonding, chemical, thermal bonding to needle punching etc are also used. All these processes are used for making the finished technical textile. Some other products like ropes, bags, belts etc. are also produced by these techniques.
Technical textiles are considered to be the fastest growing sector of the textile industrial sector. These have been developed to meet the exacting specified high-performance requirements of a specific end-use other than conventional clothing and furnishings.